Paeonia officinalis 'Rosea Plena' = Old Double Rose

type: [herbaceous peony] – [species cultivar] – [peregrina-cultivar] or

type: [herbaceous peony] – [herbaceous hybrid]

Due to the uncertainity of the historical definitions of Paeonia officinalis, i.e. the fact, that many of the historical „officinalis“- cultivars are now clearly defined as forms of Paeonia peregrina (like 'Otto Froebel', 'Sunbeam' etc.), In the case of Paeonia officinalis 'Rubra Plena' and its color-variations it is more likely that these are hybrids with Paeonia peregrina as one parent.

Kortmann (1998)

officinalis 'Rosea Plena' (vóór 1907) Bloemen intensief roze, lichter verbloeiend, gevuld, vroeg; bladeren vrij groot, lichtgroen, blaadjes zelden ingesneden; hoogte 50 cm; bloemstengels matig stevig; vertakking zeer goed. Deze gezonde, zogenaamde boerenpioen is in de rij van P. officinalis cultivars de beste. De vertakking is zeer goed en de stevigheid van de stengels is redelijk. Msschien zijn de bloemen iets te zwaar ten opzichte van de bloemstengels. Het is toch een prima tuinpioen, die het minst gevoelig is voor Botrytis ten opzichte van de andere P. officinalis cultivars.

listed by:

'Rosea Plena' ,**,B,1-3/ 70-80,80,s. früh ,rosa,C2,Rosa Form der "Bauern-garten - Pfingstrose".

OFFICINALIS 'ROSEA PLENA':The pink form of the Memorial Day Peony has exceptional color and form on compact plants. Found throughout Europe in the wake of old monasteries where they were cultivated in medicinal gardens for centuries.

OFFICINALIS ROSEA PLENA (E) Brilliant double pink, an antique variety that has been found in American gardens since the 1700's; the bloom has slightly silver cast; good foliage and sturdy habit

officinalis Rosea plena Double bright pink flowers with large guard petals and narrow notched inner petals that pale with age. Early.

OFFICINALIS ROSE A PLENA One of Ihe older specie varieties which always draws attention for its form and habil. Of a mid lo deep pink, and fully double, it is a very easy plant to work with, and a delight to see. Pink Double, Early, 80cm.

OFFICINALIS ROSEA PLENA Pink, Double, Early, No staking. 80cm. The mid-pink double form of this species. Makes a free flowering showy plant which is easy to manage.

officinalis var. rosea-plena, bright pure red-rose; a very pleasing colour. Double.

ROSEA PLENA, Origin unknown, before 1907, Paeonia officinalis, Brilliant full double pink flowers. During blooming the flower color fades to a lighter pink and slowly but surely the carpels become visible. No sidebuds. This pink edition of the 'Memorial Day Peony' is an ancient variety, supposively dating back as far as the 17th century. 'Rosea Plena' owes her durability to the very early flowering time, the gorgeous flowers and the sturdy planthabit

ROSEA PLENA, Origine onbekend, vóór 1907, Paeonia officinalis, Intensief roze geheel gevulde bloemen. Verbloeit lichter en toont hierbij haar zaadknoppen. Geen zijknoppen. Een zeer oude pioen, officieuze bronnen verwijzen naar een origine zover terug als de 17e eeuw. ‘Rosea Plena’ wordt ook wel ‘de roze boerenpioen’ genoemd en dankt haar duurzaamheid aan de vroege bloeitijd, wonderschone kleur en geringe hoogte.

Svetlana Poperechnaya 2006:

Rivière (2000):

ROSEA PLENA (Double). Si vous recherchez une plante de grande vigueur, à floraison abondante, possédant un coloris intense, alors pense: à cette étonnante variété. Très précoce, sa fleur d'un colons rosé soutenu, très pleine, devrait lui donner une place de choix dans votre jardin. H. 0,6 rn.

peregrina/officinalis cultivar

Die genaue Zuordnung von Staudenpfingstrosen dieser Gruppe ist insofern problematisch, daß viele im 20. Jahrhundert als „Paeonia officinalis“-Kultivare bezeichnete Sorten eigentlich Abkömmlinge von Paeonia peregrina sind. Bis in die 1930er Jahre hießen auch die Peregrinas alle Paeonia officinalis. Ich bezweifle, daß ein Großteil dieser Gruppe irgendetwas mit Paeonia officinalis zu tun hat, angefangen bei der allseits bekannten Bauernpfingstrose „Officinalis Rubra Plena“, die entweder ein Kultivar von Paeonia peregrina ist oder (wahrscheinlicher) eine Hybride aus Paeonia peregrina und einer anderen Wildart, vielleicht Paeonia officinalis. Um dieses Zuordnungsproblem zu umgehen, hier die Gruppe „p/o“: Sorten, die im Wuchs, Blütenstellung, Laub und Farbe Paeonia peregrina ähneln bzw. Paeonia 'Officinalis Rubra Plena'. Die Zuordnung zu den Hybriden erfolgt wegen der bestehenden Unsicherheiten nicht.

SaundersAP, 1928 PEONY SPECIES (Other than albiflora and moutan) in: Peonies, The Manual of the American Peony Society, edited by James Boyd © 1928 American Peony Society:

P. officinalis. Southern Europe. This species has been cultivated in European gardens for centuries, and has given rise to a number of. brilliant and lovely varieties. There is much confusion regarding those which are to be traced back to P. officinalis and those derived from P. paradoxa.

Vilmorin ("Fleurs de Pleine Terre") separates two groups under these two specific names; and he states that those derived from P. paradoxa are easily distinguished by the glaucescence (bluish greenness) of the foliage. Unfortunately, Vilmorin does not include in nis list by any means all of the varieties which are, or have been, in commerce.

Since these forms when offered in nurserymen's lists are usually grouped all together under P. officinalis, I have listed them all here, making a separate group of those which, according to Vilmorin, should be referred to P. paradoxa.

A further complication arises from the fact that several varieties have been produced from P. lobata. This is itself to be considered as a variety of P. officinalis, and it is not always possible in the case of named varieties to say whether they should be referred to P. lobata or to the broader species P. officinalis.

Varieties probably referable to P.officinalis:

alba mutabilis

alba plena

atrorubra plena



carnea plena. Syn. alba mutabilis




Eclair. Syn. alba mutabilis

Fire King


incarnata plena. Syn. alba mutabilis

Lize van Veen. Sport from P. rosea superba, which has been recently introduced into commerce in Holland.

lobata : Otto Froebel, Sunbeam

maxima rosea plena



purpurea plena

rosea (single)

rosea pallida plena. Syn. alba mutabilis

rosea plena

rosea superba plena (rated 8.2 in symposium, 1925)

rubra plena (rated 8.6 in symposium, 1925)


sanguinea plena


striata elegans

The Sultan


plant is found in the inventory list of year 2002, in the The National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Ireland

Margitta Stewart 2007:

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Database


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