Paeonia corallina var. triternata (Pallas) Boissier

Fl. Orient. 1, 97 ;1867

type: [herbaceous peony] – [species] – [synonym]

accepted name (2005):

Paeonia daurica Andrews

accepted name (2006):

Paeonia corsica Sieber ex Tausch (1828) p.p., quoad pl. Corsica. see: Hong & Wang 2006


Boissier's original description


Baker (1884)

19. P. triternata, Pallas, Nov. Act. Petrop., x., 312 ; DC., Prodr., i., 65 ; Ledeb., Fl. Ross., i., 73. P. corallina var. triternata, Fl. Orient. 1, 97 ;1867. P. daurica, Andr. , Bot. Rep., t. 486; Bot. Mag., t 1441; Anders., Monogr., No. 7.Root -tubers thick. Stem 1 ½ —2 feet long, glabrous, never more than 1-flowered, Leaves 5—6 to a stem, glabrous, pale green above, glaucous beneath, with broad oblong or obovate leaflets, obtusely rounded at the apex, with a small cusp, not confluent at the base, the side ones often a inches broad, and the end one obovate or orbicular, 3—4 inches long and broad. Outer sepals foliaceous; inner obtuse. Petals 6—8, obovate, rose-red, 2—2 1/2 inches long. Follicles 2—4, densely tomentose, spreading from the base when mature; stigmas small, ovate, folded together, recurved. A native of the Caucasus, Asia Minor, and the Crimea. It is a near ally of P. corallina, with which Boissier now unites it. The name daurica, under which Anderson describes it, was given to it under a mistake as to its native country. Anderson remarks upon it, " Though in general habit a good deal resembling P. corallina, it is nevertheless essentially distinct from that species in having the leaves always rounded, partially cordate, oblique and much undulated ; whereas those of the former arc more or less pointed, and nearly flat, the spherical, brownish-black, reticulated seeds, and the yellow tint of its leaves, stalks and germens, would otherwise characterise it. Its leaves are diposed to wither at the points, and to remain longer on the stalks than those of the others. Its Sower is of a pleasant pale rose colour. Amongst seedlings it is seen to vary in the degree of undulation of its leaves, but retains its essential character throughout."


P.daurica Andrews Bot. Rep. 7, t. 486 (1807); Alton. Hort. Kew. Ed. 2, 3,317 (1811); Bot. Mag. t. 1441 (1812) ; Bonpland, Descr. Pl. Rar. Malm. t. 9 (1813) ; DC. Syst. I, 391 (1817) ; Anderson in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 12, 270 (1818); Smith in Rees, Cycl. 6 (1819) ; F. C. Stern in Jown. Roy. Hort. Soc. 68, 126 (1943)

.Syn. ....P.corallina var. triternata (Pallas) Boissier, Fl. Orient. 1, 97 (1867) ; Smirnov, Emm. Espec. PI. Vase. Caw. (in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1887) 962 (1887) Ascherson & Graebner, Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5, ii, 552 (1923)....

Grossheim (1950)

P. kavachensis Aznav. Magyar Bot Lap XVI, 7 (1917) - P. corallina Ldb (non Retz) Ldb, 73 P.corallina b.triternata Boiss I, 97 p.p. - Schmalhausen I, 32 p.p. - Lipskij, 213, - Busch Fl. cauc. crit III, 3, 10(190l). - P.triternata Rupr (non Pall) Busch, Opried. Ranales, 6(1919); P. corallina v. caucasica Schipcz. - Grossheim 11, 91- P.caucasica Schipcz- Fl. SSSR. IV, 28)1937)[2]

Kemularia-Nathadse (1961)

Paeonia caucasica Schipcz.

Schipczinsky in "Fl. USSR" VII (1937) 28; Kemularia-Nathadse in "Fl. Georgia" IV (1948), 6.

Syn. .... P. corallina var. triternata (Pall.) Boiss. Fl. Or. (1867) 97 pp. ...

Paeonia triternata Pall.

Pallas in Nova Acta Acad. Petrop. X (1975) 312; DC. Prod. I (1824) 65; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. I (1842) 73; Rupr. Fl. Cauc. (1869) 44; Lipsky Fl. Cauc. (1899) 213; Somm. et Lev. Enum. (1900) 29; Komarov and Schipczin. in Fl. USSR. VII (1937) 28;

Syn. P. corallina var. triternata Boiss. I. (1867) 97; Akinf. Fl. Centre Cauc. (1894) 50; Schmalg. Fl. Sredn. Juzn. Ross. (1895) 32;

Davis & Cullen in Flora of Turkey (1965)

P. daurica Andrews in Bot. Rep. 7: t. 486 (1807). Syn: P. triternata Pallas in Nov. Act. Petrop. 10: 312 (1792); P. corallina var. triternata (Pall.) Boiss., Fl. Or. 1: 97 (1867).

Stearn & Davis (1984)

3e. P. mascula subsp. triternata Figs 33,34

P. daurica Andrews, Bot. Repos. 7: t. 486 (1807); Sims in Curtis's Bot-Mag. 35: t. 1441 (1812); F.C. Stern, Study of Paeonia, 70, t. 6 (1946); Cullen & Heywood in Fl. Europ. 1:243 (1964).

P. triternata Pallas ex DC., Prodr. 1:165 (1824), nomen illegit.

P. corallina var. triternata Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1:97 (1867).

P. corallina subsp. triternata (Boiss.) N. Busch in Kusnezow, Busch & Fomin, Fl. Cauc. Crit. 3.III:10 (1901).

P. mascula var. triternata (Boiss.) Gürke in Richter, Pl. Europ. 2:400 (1903).

Hong De-Yuan, Wang Xiao-Quan (2006)

Hong De-Yuan, Wang Xiao-Quan (2006) The identity of Paeonia corsica Sieber ex Tausch (Paeoniaceae), with special reference to its relationship with P. mascula (L.) Mill., Feddes Repertorium, Volume 117, Issue 1-2, 2006. Pages 65-84, Copyright © 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Abstract, it is online available [Abstract: The taxonomy of the genus Paeonia in central Mediterranean islands has been controversial, with number of recognized taxa changing greatly from one species without infraspecific division to three species or five infraspecific taxa in one species, and with the number of synonyms as great as 30. In the present work, the taxonomic history is thoroughly reviewed and a taxonomic revision is made based on extensive field work, chromosome observation, population sampling, examination of a large amount of herbarium specimens, and subsequent statistic analysis. As a result of the studies P. corsica Sieber ex Tausch, an ignored specific name, is restored at specific rank, and the species is found distinct from all the three subspecies of P. mascula in this region in having mostly nine (vs 10) leaflets/segments, shorter hairs (1.5 mm vs 3 mm long) on carpels, rather densely holosericeous (vs glabrous or very sparsely hirsute) on the lower surface of leaves. It is a diploid, confined to Corsica France), Sardinia (Italy), Ionian Islands and Akarnania Province of Greece, whereas P. mascula is a tetraploid, widely distributed from Spain to Turkey and Iraq, but not in Corsica, Sardinia and W Greece. In addition, type specimens of four taxa are designated, and 29 botanic names are listed as synonyms of P. corsica in this paper. (© 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) Translated Abstract: Die Identität von Paeonia corsica Sieber ex Tausch (Paeoniaceae), mit besonderem Bezug auf ihre Verwandtschaft mit P. mascula (L.) Mill. Die Taxonomie der Gattung Paeonia auf den zentralen Mittelmeerinseln ist stets kontrovers gewesen. Die Anzahl der Taxa wechselte zwischen einer Art ohne infraspezifische Differenzierung bis zu drei oder fünf infraspezifische Taxa innerhalb einer Art. Die Anzahl der Synonyme beträgt bis zu 30 Taxa. In vorliegender Arbeit wird die Geschichte der Taxonomie sorgfältig betrachtet und eine taxonomische Revision auf der Basis extensiver Feldstudien, Chromosomen-Bewertung, Sammlungen von Populationen, der Untersuchung zahlreicher Herbarproben und abschließender statistischer Analysen vorgenommen. Im Ergebnis dieser Untersuchungen wird Paeonia corsica Sieber ex Tausch, ein bislang unbeachteter Artname, erneut in den Rang einer Art erhoben. Diese in dieser Region gefundene Spezies wurde als verschieden von den drei Unterarten von Paeonia mascula befunden. Sie hat meist neun ( 10) Blättchen, kürzere Haare (1.5 mm vs 3 mm lang) auf dem Karpell dichtere holoserios (vs glabrous oder selten hirsut) auf der Blattunterseite. Paeonia corsica ist diploid auf Korsika (Frankreich), Sardinien (Italien), den Ionischen Inseln und der Provinz Akarnania in Griechenland, während Paeonia mascula tetraploid ist und weit verbreitet von Spanien bis in die Türkei und den Irak, fehlt aber auf Korsika, Sardinien und in Westgriechenland. Außerdem werden Typspecimen für 4 Taxa festgelegt. Als Synonyme von P. corsica wurden 29 Namen aufgelistet. Received: 8 November 2005 ] [local copy pdf html scan]

Syn.: Paeonia corallina var. triternata (PALL, ex DC.) Boiss., Fl. orient. 1: 97. 1867, p.p., quoad pl. Corsica.

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Database


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