Paeonia feminea (L.) Mill. var. banatica (Rochel) Gürke

Richter, Plantae europaeae 2, 403 ; 1903

type: [herbaceous peony] – [species] – [synonym]

accepted name (2005):

P. officinalis ssp. banatica (Rochel) Sóo


M. Gürke in : Richter, K. Plantae europaeae II. Band. p. 400-403






P.banatica Rochel, Pl.Banat.Rar. 48, t.n(1828) ; Reichenbach, Ic.Fl.Germ. 4,26,t. 125 (1840) ? ; F.C.Stern in Jorn.Roy.Hort.Soc. 68,127 (1943).

Syn. P.feminea (L.) Mill. var. banatica (Rochel) Gürke in Richter, PI. EuroP.2, 403 (1903) ; Javorka, Magyar Fl. 350 (1924).






P. banatica differs both in its habit and the partition of its leaves from the typical P. officinalis, whose lateral leaves, too, are generally divided into 2—4 segments, on the specimens from South-Tyrol examined by myself (cf. Herb. Norm. 3501, FEAH. 90, from the collections of Andreanszky, Behrendsen, Foletto, Porta, Rigo, chiefly from Monte Baldo and Val di Ledro), leaves 2,0, 2,5, 3 cm wide and 6—11 cm long. It differs likewise from P. officinalis ssp. peregrina, with the specimens of which originating from Spain I compared it (cf. Herb. Norm. 3005, Baenitz PI. Eur. 5903, from the collections of Reverchon, Derben, Pons), their leaves are divided to a larger extent with narrow leaflets. It can be still less identified with P. mascula (P. corallina) whose leaflets are wide, elliptic, ovate or orbicular and all entire.
Thus we cannot share in Nyárády's opinion who takes the plant of Bazias partly to P. corallina Retz (P. mascula Mill.) and describes a form of it with broad ovate or nearly roundish leaves by the name var. triternatiformis (which as an extreme variety may remain in the Formenkreis of P. banatica) — p. 403 —, partly to P. officinalis p. 407 —. He mentions here as new habitats Lugos, Bazias (surely instead of Bazias) and Dumbravita (Kisdombró) from the district of Belényes; these habitats are even in his own opinion dubious. According to Nyárády the leaves of the plant from Deliblat are 3—4 times, while those from Bazias 1,4—2(3) times as long as wide. The great number of the data quoted above shows that this ratio is varying in both habitats.
Also in the manuscript elaboration of the Flora Europaea the plant of Bazias (though this is no locus classicus!) approaches partly to the P. officinalis, partly to the P. mascula, not excluding the possibility that at Bazias hybridization has taken place between the spontaneous and some introduced species, cultivated in the Monastery Garden. On the other hand, in my unchanged opinion, P. banatica is varying but remains within the above indicated limits of variation a uniform population which, although it is partly suggestive with its entire and broader leaves to a certain extent of P. mascula, it belongs, however, to the Formenkreis of P. officinalis with the nearly always divided leaflets of the upper leaves and its whole build, and constitutes the endemic, vicariant subspecies of that species in the Bánság district, in the Mecsek and Fruska-Gora Mountains; thus its correct name is:

P. officinalis L. (s. 1.) ssp. banatica Soó Növényföldrajz 1945 p. 146. (P. peregrina var. ban. Kittel 1844, P.feminea var. ban. Gürke 1903, P. off. var. ban. Graebn. 1923, Hayek 1924). The data from Macedonia and the Lesbos island are undoubtedly concerning another plant.

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Database


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