Notes RBG Edinb. 41(2):283-288 (1983)

New Records For the Flora of Turkey and two new Species From Anatolia


[Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Fen Fakültesi, Botanik Bölümü, Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey.]


Paeonia wittmanniana [Hartwiss ex] Lindl. var. nudicarpa Schipcz.

Abstract. Two new species are described from Turkey: Gypsophila peshmenii A. Güner (Caryophyllaceae), and Campanula peshmenii A. Güner (Campanulaceae). The following taxa are recorded from Turkey for the first time: Ranunculus bulbosus L. subsp. bulbosus, Paeonia wittmanniana [Hartwiss ex] Lindl. var. nudicarpa Schipcz., Draba bruniifolia Stev. subsp. archipelagi (Gilg ex Schulz) Coode & Cullen, Polygonum minus Hudson, P. thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc., Geranium sibiricum L., Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden., Aster subulatus Michaux, Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte, and Juncus tenuis Willd.

The new records (except Draba bruniifolia subsp. archipelagi) are based on a floristic study of the northern face of the Kaçkar range of mountains (Fig. 1) in NE Turkey in 1980-82. The specimens of two of the new species and that of Draba bruniifolia subsp. archipelagi were collected by the late Doç. Dr. H. Peþmen and Doç. Dr. A. Pamukçuoðlu respectively. All specimens cited in the account below have been checked at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, during a three-month study visit. The localites of new records are shown in Fig. 1. Specimens are lodged at Hacettepe University (HUB) and in many cases E.



Paeonia wittmanniana [Hartwiss ex] Lindl. var. nudicarpa Schipcz. (Fig. 1) A8 Rize: Çamlihemþin, around Yukari Amlakit Yaylasi, Rhododendron caucusicum scrub, granite slopes, 2350m, 20 ix 1979, A. Güner 2188 (fruiting material); ibid., 25 vi 1981, A. Güner 3842 (colour slide).

This is the only yellow-flowered species of Paeonia in Turkey. There are two yellow-flowered species in Caucasia, P. mlokosewitschi Lomak. and P. wittmanniana. Our specimens approach P. wittmanniana var. nudicarpa by possessing red filaments and glabrous fruits: the typical variety of the species has tomentose fruits. P. mlokosewitschi differs from P. wittmanniana in its yellow filaments, shortly apiculate to rounded leaf apex, and indumentum on the lower leaf surface (Stern, 1946); it always has tomentose fruits. The specimens cited are close to P. mlokosewitschi in leaf shape, but are distinguished by their red filaments and glabrous fruits. The group requires further study.

Fig. 1. Map of study area showing location of new records. O, Ranunculus bulbosus subsp. bulbosus; Paeonia wittmanniana var. nudicarpa; v, Lepidium virginicum; ...







I am grateful to Prof. P. H. Davis and I. C. Hedge and his colleagues on the herbarium staff at Edinburgh for confirming the identity of the specimens listed above and to Dr I. P. Mandenova from Tbilisi for her identification of Heracleum sosnowskyi Manden. 1 would like to thank the Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council (TBTAK) for their financial support during my study on the flora of the Kaçkar Daðlari, and also for providing me with necessary finance during my visit to Edinburgh.