Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur P

Page, Martin, 1997, The Gardeners Guide To Growing Peonies,David & Charles Publishers, Newton Abbot, Devon ISBN 07153 0531 X (UK) & Timber Press, Portland, Oregon ISBN 0-88192-408-3 (USA)

Rezension in deutsch

Page, Martin, 2000, Paeonia mascula on Steep Holm

Page, Martin & Sinnott, Mike, 2001, P. japonica. Curtis's Botanical Magazine. Vol. 18, 1, pp. 79-84.May 2001

Page, Martin, The gardener's peony: herbaceous and tree peonies, 2005, Timber Press 267p. ISBN 0-88192-694-9

Palau i Ferrer P., 1976.Catàleg de la flòrula de l’illa de Cabrera i dels illots que l’envolten, finished in 1954, and finally published along with Impressions sobre la vegetació de l’illa de Cabrera by 0. de Bolos and a group of collaborators in Treballs de la Institució Catalana d’Historia Natural N.0 7, Barcelona, 1976.


Palibin,1898,Acta Horti Petrop. 14, 107

Pallas — Peter Simon Pallas, 1741-1811, Deutschland and Russland


PallasPS,1773, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reiches, Petrograd vol.2, Paeonia p244 ,p553.

PallasPS,1776, Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reiches, Petrograd vol.3, P.lactiflora p286, 316-321 ,

Pallas, P.S, 1788, Flora Rossica Descr Paeonia Tome 1, Pars 2 : 92-95 et planches 84-87, Typographia Imperiali, Petropoli (St-Petersbourg)

Pallas, P.S, 1795,Catalogue des espèces de végétaux spontanés observés en Tauride, Tableau physique et topographique de la Tauride : 52, St-Petersbourg

Pallas, P.S, 1795, Ind Pl Taur , Nov Act Petrop vol. X p. 312 (P.triternata)

Pallas, P.S, (??) Bemerkungen auf einer Reise in die südlichen Statthalterschaften des Russischen Reiches in den Jahren 1793 und 1794. (cit. nach Maleev 1937)

Palmer, The Hon. Lewis (1967). Col. Sir Frederick Claude Stern OBE, MC, FLS, VMH – Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc. 92: 379-381.

Pam, A. 1950, Notes from Fellows: A yellow flowered form of Paeonia potanini. Journal of the RHS LXXV (3) : 108

Pan GZ 1986, [Effect of Paeonia lactiflora on amylase activity and amylase release from pancreatic acini in rats] ; Chung Hsi I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih, 1986 Feb

Pan, Kai-yu, 1979, Paeonia in: Wang, W.T. & al., Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae, vol. 27 : 37-59 et 603-604, Academia Sinica, Beijing

Pan, Kai-yu, 1985,Paeonia In: C Y Wu (editor) , Flora Xizang Science Press 2: 5—8

Pan, Kai-yu, 1993,Paeoniaceae Pp 545--546 in W-T Wang & S-G Wu (editors), Vascular Plants of the Hengduan Mountains Science Press, Beijing

Pan, Kai-yu: 1995 The analysis of distribution pattern in the Paeoniaceae and its formation; in Zhiwu Fenlei Xuebao [Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica], 33(4): Aug. 1995, pp. 340 - 349.

Pancovius (Panckow), Thomas, geb. 27.1.1622 Linum/HaveUand, gest. 9.12.1665 Berlin, Arzt und Botaniker.

Pancovius, Th., Herbarium, oder Kräuter- und Gewächs-Buch, Darinn so wol Einheimische als Ausländische Kräuter zierlich und eigentlich abgebildet zu finden ... verbessert durch B. Zornn. Cölln an der Spree, G. Schultze, 1673.

Paoletti — Giulio Paoletti, 1865- [still living in 1936], Italy

see: Fiori & Paoletti

PapandreouV, P Magiatis, E Kalpoutzakis, AL Skaltsounis, C Harvala : Paeonicluside, a new salicylic glycoside from the Greek endemic species Paeonia clusii ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C 57(3-4):235-238 2002 (direct link to „Infotrieve“), [Summary: A new glycoside of salicylic aldehyde, paeonicluside, was isolated from the roots of the Greek endemic species Paeonia clusii subsp. clusii and identified as alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1-->6)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside of salicylic aldehyde (1). In addition]
Papandreou V, P Magiatis, I Chinou, E Kalpoutzakis, AL Skaltsounis, A Tsarbopoulos: Volatiles with antimicrobial activity from the roots of Greek Paeonia taxa JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY 81(1):101-104 2002 (
direct link to „Infotrieve“), [Summary:The traditional uses of the roots of Paeonia taxa are described. The volatile constituents, obtained by steam distillation of the roots of Paeonia clusii Stern subsp. clusii, Paeonia mascula L. subsp. hellenica and Paeonia parnassica, were studied by GC/MS. Salicylaldehyde, paeonol, methyl salicylate and benzoic acid were found to be the major components among the twelve constituents identified. The evaluation of the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the volatile compounds against six bacteria and three fungi is also reported.]

Park,-S.D; Kim,-K.J.; Kim,-J.H.; You,-O.J.; Ryu,-J.K. 1998, Occurrence of meloidogyne hapla in peony fields. Gyeong Sang Buk Do Provincial. Rural Development Administration, Uisong (Korea Republic). Uisong Medicinal Plant Experiment Station Korean-Journal-of-Applied-Entomology. (Dec 1998). v. 37(2) p. 123-125..3 tables; 9 ref. Summaries (En, Ko). (Korean)

Park,-B.G.; Park,-J.H.; Kim,-M.J.; Park,-S.G.; Chung,-I.M.; Kim,-G.S. 1998, Effect of fertilizers on yield and paeonol content of Paeonia moutan sims.Chungbuk Provincial RDA, Chongwon (Korea Republic) National Yongnam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA, Milyang (Korea Republic) Korean-Journal-of-Medicinal-Crop-Science (Korea Republic). (Jun 1998). v. 6(2) p. 96-101.. 1 illu.; 7 tables; 17 ref. Summaries (En, Ko). (Korean)

Parkinson, John 1629 Paradisi in Sole Paradisus terrestris. A Garden of pleasant Flowers

Parkinson, J. Paradisi in Sole Paradisus Terrestris. Or a choice garden of all sorts of rarest flowers, with their nature, place of birth, time of flowring, names, and vertues to each plant, useful in physick, or admired for beauty. To which is annext a Kitchin-Garden furnished with all manner of herbs, roots, and fruits, for meat or sawce used with us. With the art of planting and orchard of all sorts of fruit-bearing trees and shrubs, shewing the nature of grafting, inoculating, and pruning of them... The second impression much corrected and enlarged. London, Richard Thrale, 1656.

Parlasca L,1997, Päonien Garten Preisliste

Parsa, A. (1951) Flore de l'Iran, vol. 1, part. 1 : 443, Imprimerie Danesh, Téhéran

Parsons,1897,Wild Flora Calif. 341, c. tab. ;

Passalaqua, Nicodemo G. & Bernardo, Liliana: The genus Paeonia L. in Italy: taxonomic survey and revision. Webbia 59(2): 215-268. 2004.

Pastouhoff,1926,Trav Jard Bot Tiflis, Ser 2, fasc iv 40

Pau — Carlos Pau y Espanol, 1857-1937, Spain

Pau & Font-Quer,1929,Iter marocc 1928No105

Pau & Font-Quer,1932,corallina sspcoriacea (Boissier) Maire var maroccana, 

PaxtonJ, 1841, Mag. Bot. Paeonia 1, 197, c. tab. .

PaxtonJ, 1868, Botanical Dictionary, Paeonia p.414

Paxton's Magazine of Botany and Register of Flowering Plants. London, W.S. Orr & Smith, 1834-1849.

Peck, M.E. (1961) A Manual of the higher Plants of Oregon. Portland, Binfords and Mort in cooperation with Oregon State University Press, Corvallis

PehrsonEL, 1968, Hybridizing for the Beginner, American Peony Society 75 Years pp128-130

PehrsonEL, 1969, Some Pollens to try on Lactifloras, American Peony Society 75 Years pp139-140

PehrsonR, 1973, Iron Deficiency Chlorosis, American Peony Society 75 Years pp80-81

Pei Yanlong, 1993, Studies on the Paeonia suffruticosa Andr. complex PhD Thesis Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, 75pp

Pei Yanlong & Hong Deyuan: Paeonia qiui - a new woody species of Paeonia from Hubei, China; in Zhiwu Fenlei Xuebao [Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica], 33(1): 1995, pp. 91 - 93.

Pei Yanlong, Zou Yuping & Yin Zhen: Preliminary report on RAPD analysis of Paeonia suffruticosa subsp. spontanea and P. rockii; in Zhiwu Fenlei Xuebao [Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica], 33(4): Aug. 1995, pp. 350 - 356.

Peltier, J.P. (1971) Bibliographie botanique maroccaine. in: Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. (Phys.) Maroc 51: 247- 257

Pena, Pierre & L'Obel, Matthias de 1576, Stirpium adversaria nova, in: Matthias de L'Obel, Plantarum seu stirpium historia, Antwerpen

Peng JY, Luan LJ, Chen YY. [The contents of paeoniflorin in different combination jingzhixuefuzhuyu] [Article in Chinese] Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2003 Jun;28(6):516-8. [OBJECTIVE: To investigate the contents of paeoniflorin in different combination Jingzhixuefuzhuyu. METHOD: Using RP-HPLC to determine the contents of paeoniflorin in different combination Jingzhixuefuzhuyu extracts, an ODS column was used with a mobile phase of MeOH-H2O-HAC(25:75:0.15) and DAD detector at the wavelength of 230 nm. RESULT AND CONCLUSION: Different combinations of Jingzhixuefu zhuyu had great influence to the contents of paeoniflorin.] College of Pharmacy, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310031, Zhejiang, China.

Pénzes ,1968,Pflanzensystematische Bemerkungen (Paeonia pergerina var. fülei),Botanikai Közlemények 55(3):-181

Perfiljew, (y?) Flora Sev. Paeonia anomala t. II—III, p.110; (cit. nach Tolmat.)

Perfiljewa V.I., Galaktinowa, T.F. & A.A. Jegorowa et. al. (y?) Krasnaja Kniga Jakutskoj ASSR Redkije i nakhojashtchijesja nod ugrozoj izteznovenija vidy rastenii. Nowosibirsk, Nauka

Pericin, Claudio, 1998. Floristische Beiträge aus Istrien II, Bauhinia 12 (1998) 75-79 Beitrag über Paeonia mascula.

PerryLM,1980,Medicinal Plants of East and South East Asia. pub,Massach Inst Technol ISBN 0262160755 Paeonia p 336-337

Perry, Leonard , 1997, University of Vermont, Peony list on the web

Perveen,A.; Qaiser,M.; Pollen flora of pakistan - ix – paeoniaceae Pakistan Journal of Botany 1997 29(N2) 175-178

PetersonWA,1900,Propagation and Culture of the Peony,Baily’s Cyclopedia of American Horticulture vol3 p1189

PetersonWA,1900,P.corallina,Gard. Chron. 27 p 348, 368

Pettersson, J., 1995 Att plantera en pion, 18 pages, illustrated, Sigges Järna 1995.

Peveling, E. 1967, Elektronenoptische Untersuchungen an Zellkernstrukturen während der Antherendifferenzierung. Ber. Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft 80 (4) : 303- 304 - Plates. De. (Eng.) [P. tenuifolia]

PeytonGW,1953,Herbaceous Hybrid Peonies,American Peony Society 75 Years pp169-173

PeytonGW,1953,Fern-Leaved Peonies,American Peony Society 75 Years pp174-174

Peyton, George (1990) Descriptions of all Species Group, According to F.C. Stern. pp. 171-178 in: Kessenich, Greta M (Ed.) The American Hybrid Peony , American Peony Society , 250 Interlachen Road, Hopkins, MN 55343, 1990

Philippe,1859,Flora Pyrenees, 1, 28 ;

Phillips, R. & Rix, M. (1991) Vivaces, vol. 1: 94-99, éd. française, 1992, La Maison Rustique

Pickwell,1931,Spring Wild Flow. Western Nat. Study, 2, fig. 31

PICTORIAL RECORD OF CHINESE TREE PEONY VARIETIES , 1997 , In Chinesich. Umfassende Abbildung und Beschreibung der chinesischen Strauchpäonien. Wunderbare Bilder. Luoyang (China)(zit. nach

PierikRLM,1979, In vitro culture of higher plants' (3 references to Paeonia indexed by authors names),pub by author, POBox 30, 6700 AA, Wageningen, Netherland-0

Pilous, Vlastimil Seedlist & Seeds 2000-2001 /Samenliste & Samen 2000-2001 Dr. Vlastimil Pilous, Jiraskova St. 396, 543 71 Hostinné, CZECH REPUBLIC, Fax : 00420 438 441373

Paeonien aus der Pflanzenliste 2001 / Peonies on his plant list 2001

PimenowMG, 1968, Sistematitcheskaya gruppirovka vidov roda Paeonia L SSSR po koefficientam skhodstva, Bjul MOIP Otd Biol T73 v1

Pignatti, Sandro (1982) Flora d'Italia, vol. 1 : 342-343, Edagricola, Bologna

Pirone, P. P. 1962, Diseases and Pests of the Peonies. pp. 128-131 in: Wister JC (ed),1962,The Peonies. 2nd Printing 1995, American Peony Society

Plenck, 1792, Icones PI. Med. Paeonia 5, 45, t. 432 ;

Plinius, der Juengere C., 1545, Historie mundi libri XXXVII, hrsg. von Sigismund Gelen und Desiderius Erasmus, Basel

Plinius, der Juengere C., 1587, Historie mundi libri XXXVII, hrsg. von Jacques Dalechamps, Lyon

Plinius Secundus Caius ,1st Cent. a.d.. Naturalis Historia, Historie of the World, translated by Philemon Holland, 2, 214, 282. London, 1601.,

Poldini, L. 1991 Atlante corologico delle Piante Vasculari nell Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Regione autonoma Friuli-Venezia Giulia & Universitá degli Studi die Trieste 899S. Udine. zitiert nach Pericin, Claudio, 1998, erwähnt Paeonia mascula für Istrien

Poldini, L. 2001. Vascular Flora of Friuli-Venezia. An annotated catolog and synonimic index. Studia Geobotancia 21:70

Poldini, L. & Oriolo G. 2002. Alcune entità nuove e neglette per la flora italiana Inf. Bot. Ital. 34: 105-107

Polunin, 0. & A. Huxley. 1975. Flowers of the Mediterranean, London

Polunin, 0. & B.E. Smythies, 1973. Flowers of South-West Europe, a field guide, London,

Polunin, 0. 1969. Flowers of Europe, London

Poplavskaja, G. I. 1931, Spisok rastenii, cobrannykh v Krimskom Gos. Zapovednike.

Popov,1924,Descrip. PI. Env. Tashkent, 2,120 ;

Popova, M. T. & Ceschmedjev, I.V. (1978) in Love, A., IOPB chromosome number report LXI, Taxon, 27 (4) : 385

Pospichal, 1898, FloraOesterr.Küstenl. 2,112;

Pouzolz, 1856,Flora Gard. 1, 32-33 ;

Prantl, 1888,Engler u Prantl, Nat Pflanzenfam 3, 2:54-55-??;

PrentisCP, 1932,P.emodi,GardIll, vol92, p421

Presl — Karel Boriwog Presl, 1794-1852, Bohemia

Presl K B, 1822, Plantarum rariorum siciliae aliarumque minus cognitarum diagnosis et descriptiones in : J. S. and K. B. Presl, Deliciae Pragenses, Historiam naturalem spectantes, 1, 5., Prague

PreslKB, 1826,Flora Sic. 1, 26-27

PreslKB in: Regel ,1861

PrestonFG,1915,P.officinalis lobata,Garden vol79,p396

Pridham, Alfred Melville Stewart, 1902-

Pridham,A.M.S., C.E.F. Guterman, & Grace H. Griswold. 1935 Peony growing / Ithaca, N.Y. : New York State College of Agriculture at Cornell University,. 47 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. Cornell extension bulletin ; 321 "Practically a complete revision of Cornell Extension Bulletin 220, written by A.C. Beal, and published in January 1932."

Prieto JM, Recio MC, Giner RM, Manez S, Giner-Larza EM, Rios JL. Influence of traditional Chinese anti-inflammatory medicinal plants on leukocyte and platelet functions. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2003 Sep;55(9):1275-82. [Abstract: The enzymes 5-lipoxygenase and elastase are therapeutic targets in dermatological disorders such as psoriasis. Fifteen extracts from traditional Chinese medicinal plants used to treat topical inflammations were screened for their inhibitory effect on lipoxygenase, cyclooxygenase and elastase activity in intact leukocytes and platelets. Astragalus membranaceus, Forsythia suspensa and Poria cocos inhibited 5-lipoxygenase, with IC50 values of 141, 80 and 141 microg mL(-1), respectively. The latter two species, along with Angelica dahurica and Angelica pubescens, also inhibited elastase (IC50 values of 80, 123, 68 and 93 microg mL(-1), respectively), while A. pubescens, Atractylodes macrocephala, Lentinus edodes, Rehmannia glutinosa and Paeonia lactiflora selectively inhibited 12-(S)-HHTrE production, a valid marker of cyclooxygenase activity. The inhibition of phospholipase A(2) activity by P. cocos is discussed. Dehydrotumulosic and pachymic acids, which have been isolated from P. cocos, were shown to inhibit leukotriene B(4) release. The results indicate that both P. cocos and F. suspensa are potentially valuable species in the management of skin pathologies involving chronic inflammation.] Departament de Farmacologia, Facultat de Farmacia, Universitat de Valencia, Burjassot, Spain. Click here to read

Printz,1921,Veg.Sibir.-Mongol.Front. 250 .

Probatova, N.S. & Sokolovskaya, A.P. (1986) Tchisla Kromosom sosudistyk rastenij s dalnjego vostoka SSSR (nombres chromosomiques de plantes vasculaires de l'extrème-est de l'URSS), [Chromosome Numbers of the Vascular Plants from the Far East of the USSR] Botanicheskij Journal, 71 (11): 1574

Prodan,1923,Flora Romania, 1, 408

Prod et Borza,1935,P.tenuifolia var brevifolia :Consp Fl Dobr,Bul Acad Stud Agron V, 1 p278

Prokhanov Ja.I. 1965. Die staudigen Pflanzen der Wüsten, ihre Natur und Enstehung — Trudi MOIP. vol 13. M., p. 124—154.

PuninaEO,1987,Kariologitcheskoje isutchenia kavkaskikh vidov roda PAEONIA (PAEONIACEAE),Botanitcheskij Zhurnal 72(11) 1504-1514 :Karyologische Studie von Spezies der Gattung Paeonia aus dem Kaukasus:[Karyological Study of Species of the Genus PAEONIA (PAEONIACEAE) from the Caucasus] (étude caryologique des espèces caucasiennes du genre Paeonia)

PuninaEO,1989,Kariologitcheskoje isutchenie kavkaskikh predstavitelej roda PAEONIA (PAEONIACEAE) pri pomoshtchi differentialnovo okrashivanija khromosom metodom gimsa ,Botanitcheskij Zhurnal 74(3) 332-339 : Karyologische Studie der kaukasischen Vetreter der Gattung PAEONIA (PAEONIACEAE) unter Verwendung der Giemsa-Differential-Chromosomenfärbung [Caryological Study of the caucasian members of the Genus PAEONIA (PAEONIACEAE) using Giemsa differential Chromosome Staining] (étude caryologique des membres caucasiens du genre Paeonia en utilisant la méthode Gimsa de coloration différentielle des chromosomes)

PuninaEO, AleksandrovaTV,1992,Obmen khromosom i otnositelnoje kolitchestvo dnk u kavkaskikh predstaviteley roda Paeonia (Paeoniaceae),Botanitcheskij Zhurnal 77(11) 16-23 : Chromosomenvolumen und relativer DNA-Gehalt von kaukasischen Repräsentanten der Gattung Paeonia (Paeoniaceae) [The chromosome volume and relative DNA content in caucasian representatives of the genus PAEONIA (PAEONIACEAE)] (volume chromosomique et contenance relative en A.D.N. chez les représentants caucasiens du genre Peaonia (Paeoniaceae),

Pursh,1815, Donn, Hort. Cantabr., Ed. 8, Paeonia p. 177 .

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

ano_finnland7 index 0602 boreas2

Paeonia-Literatur P