Paeonia tomentosa (Lomak.) Busch*

type: [herbaceous peony] – [species] – [synonym]

accepted name (2004):

Paeonia daurica ssp. tomentosa


tomentosa Stapf

tomentosa (Lomak.) Busch ex Grossheim




P.Mlokosewitschii Lomak. Tr. Tifl. Bot sada, II 282(1897). - P.Wittmanniana v. tomentosa Lomak, in Tr. Tifl. Bot. sada II, 283(1897) - Lipskij, 213, Busch, Fl. cauc crit III, 3,14(190l)- P.tomentosa N.Busch, Opred Ranales, 7(l 919)- Grossheim II, 91, Schipczinski, Fl.SSSR.Vn, 26 (l 939).

Wurzel verdickt; Stiel bis l hoch. Blattsegmente breit- länglich oval oder einförmig mit kurzen scharfen oder rundlichen stumpfen Spitzen, untere Blatter schwach geteilt mit Härchen, 6,5-10 cm lang. 3,5-6,6 cm breit, obere Fläche des Blattes grau- blau untere Fläche blasser; Blüten blass- gelb; Blütenblätter 4- 7 cm lang. Fruchtblätter mit vielen Härchen, 3,5 cm lang. Staude.

Kaukasus: Iberischer Bezirk (Lagodechi), Hirkanische Provinz: Talysch (Tafel l, 4, Landkarte 3).




Sect. Flavonia Kem.-Nath.

Series Wittmanniana (Stern) Kem.-Nath.

Paeonia tomentosa (Lomak.) N. Busch

Busch N. A. "Opred." Ranales Cauc. (1919); 7; Grossh. "Fl. Cauc." II (1930) 91; Schipczinsky, in "Fl. USSR" VII (1937) 26.

Syn. P. Wittmanniana var. tomentosa Lomak. in "Trudi Tifl. BG" II (1897) 283; Lipsky, "Fl. Cauc." (1899) 213; Schipczinsky in Not. Syst. Hort. Bot. Petrog." 2 (1921) 2 (1921) 44; P. Wittmanniana Buhse, Aufzähl. Transcauc. Pers. Pfl. (1860) 8. Boiss., Fl. Or. (1867) 97 pp. ; Huth. in Engler Bot. Jahrb. 14. (1891) 266 pp. ; Stern, Monogr. in Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. (1946) 56. P. Mlokossewitschii Grossh. (non Lomak.) "Opred." (1949) 44; Fl. Cauc. IV (1950) 13 pp. ; Rzazade in "Fl. Azerbadjana" IV (1953) 29. The picture in "Fl. Azerb." IV (1953) I sub P. Mlokosewitschii.

Perennials, having branchy rhizomes with radical thickenings; stem is long, 80-150 cm high, thick, firm, leaves are large, 6-8 cm long 3-6 cm wide, rough, dark-green, shrivelled, with distinguishably protruding veins at the lower side, grayish in result of pubescence formed by long hairs; leaf-lobes (leaflets) are ovate, obovate, elliptical with a shortly acuminate apex and a rounded nearly heart-shaped emarginate base. The blossoms are light-yellow, broad patent; sepals are downy from inside, petals are broad obovate, distinctly tapered at the base; anthers are yellow, filaments are violet or yellow, violet or reddish at the base; ovary is tomentose-downy, tangled with yellowish-grayish hairs; stigmas are flesh-coloured; filaments are purple as a whole or at the base only, in which case the upper part is yellow. The fruits are oblong ovate, 2.5-3 cm long, curvedly spreading, slightly covered with grayish-yellow hairs. The seeds are large, 7-8 mm long, covered by a net of large wrinkles.

Distribution. The upper montane belt, in forest, upon steep slopes.

Original habitat. Talish, a forest on mt. Nudus-Galasi.

Type. A forest on mnt. Nudus-galasi, 17,VI. 1894 L.Lomakin. The description was obtained from live specimens grown in the Caucasian department of the Tiflis Botanical Garden.

Specimens studied. Azerbaidjan: Talish. Forest near Nudus- Galasi 17,VI. 1894.L. Lomakin!

between Lyulyakeran and Orant 4. UII. 897 Alexeyenko!

Zuvant near the vill. Lerik, in forest 21. V. 1916.20.VII. 1917. Grossheim! 21.VIII.38. Rzazada!

west from Lerik. in shrubbery 4.V 1946. Ilyinskaya and Kirpichnikov!

Geographical type: Montane girkansky. General distribution. The East Transcaucsus. the North Iran.

Remarks. As far as a question of the Talish peony, P.tomentosa ( Lomak.) N. Busch is concerned we adhere to the point of view expressed by the authors of " Fl. USSR" ( 1937) and can't agree neither with A.A. Grossheim ("Opr." 1949. "Fl. Cauc." 1950) and P. Y. Rzazade ("Fl. Azerbaydjan" 1953), who identify this peony with the Lagodekhsky peony P. Mlokosewitschii Lomak. nor with Stern (1946) who considers it a synonym of P. Wittmanniana Hartwiss.

This species differs from the peony Mlokosewitschii quite distinctly with the heart-shaped or ovate lobes of rough leaves which are dark-green at the upper side and which ribs (vlins) protrude sharply, especially, at the lower side, and, also, with the stigma's and filaments colour, the petal's form and with the character of pubescence of ovary and fruits. A clear outlook on P. tomentosa (Lomak.) N. Busch. is illustrated by the picture printed in "Flora Azerbaydjana" (1953); unfortunately, a name of this plant was called incorrectly in this edition. As to the picture, published in the posthumous edition of "Fl. Cauc." (1950) by Grossheim, it should be regarded as fallacious, not typical for the Talishsky species, not to say about it having nothing in common with P. Mlokosewitschii (Lomak.).

The form of leaves and, especially, leaf-lobes make P. tomentosa (Lomak.) N. Busch. look somewhat alike with P. Steveniana Kem.-Nath. (P. Wittmanniana Stev.) that induced Lomakin to describe this plant as a variety and N. A. Busch to consider it a subspecies of P. Wittmanniana Stev. Hower this peony differs from the latter quite noticeably with the broad patent blossoms and, mostly, with the tomentose downy ovaries and fruits, and, also. with the separated areas of^rogafiation, that made N. A. Busch (1919) consider this plant a self-dependent species, afterwards. It is quite inadmissible not to distinguish these two species P. tomentosa (Lomak.) N. Busch from Talish and P. Wittmanniana Hartwiss (P. abchasica Miscz) growing in forest of Abchazia. Both of them have the only one common feature which is the ovary's and fruits pubescence. Having green leaves at both sides, the latter species may be easily distinguished from P. tomentosa (Lomak.) N. Busch. which leaves are dark-green at the upper side and grayish at the lower side; moreover, the abchazian peony's leaf-lobes are tapered at the base; its pale yellow, nearly white petals are oval, almost rounded at the base; as to the Talishinsky species, its lateral leaf lobes are rounded at the base or nearly heart-shaped, petals are yellow, obovate, cuneately narrowed at the base. Also, these plants differ from each other with the separated areas of distribution.

So, it may be concluded that these two peonies are regarded as two independent species.


Rote Liste der UdSSR/ Red Book of the USSR




Artamanow (deutsch)


Kapinos & Dubrov


P.tomentosa Lomakin - tomentose peony

Native to the Caucasus and the northern Iran. Common in the upper woody zone. Strong stems 80-150cm high. Flowers clear-yellow.

Bilder von Hermann Fuchs 2000:

Hermann Fuchs' Pflanze 2002:

Hermann Fuchs' Pflanze 2005:




meine Pflanze:


29.04.2005 Soeben teilte mir Pavle Cikovac aus Serbien & Montenegro die URL eines sehr interessanten Artikels auf der Online-Version der Scottish Rock Garden Society mit. Beobachtungen auf einer Reise durch Nord-Iran. Natürlich – und das ist ganz phantastisch – mit Bildern der beiden dort heimischen Päonien-Wildarten: Paeonia tomentosa und P. mlokosewitschii, dieselbe Art, die seinerzeit auch von Wendelbo dort gesammelt ist und im Botanischen Garten Göteborg wächst. Ist sie authentisch mit P. mlokosewitschii oder handelt es sich um eine eigenständige Subspezies? Dank and Pavle Cikovac. Mehr Bilder hier, Teil 1 der Reise hier. Just got the information from Pavle Cikovac from Serbia and Montenegro about the URL of an interesting artcile on the website of the Scottish Rock Garden Society. IRAN - Land of the upside-down tulip 2 by David Millward. With many fine pictures and– what is really phantastic – pictures of the two native peony species there: Paeonia tomentosa and P. mlokosewitschii, the same species, which has been collected by Wendelbo some time ago, and which grows in the Botanical Garden of Gothemburg in Sweden. Is this authentic with P. mlokosewitschii or is it an independent subspecies?? Many thanks to Pavle Cikovac. More information here,part 1 of the trip here.

Copyright of the pictures from Iran by David Millward.

P. tomentosa & P. mlokosewitschii

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Database


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