Paeonia triternata Pallas in: Tabl. Taur. 52 1795

type: [herbaceous peony] – [species] – [synonym]

accepted name (2005):

P. daurica Andrews




19. P. triternata, Pallas, Nov. Act. Petrop., x., 312 ; DC., Prodr., i., 65 ; Ledeb., Fl. Ross., i., 73. P. corallina var. triternata, Boiss., Fl. Orient., i., 97. P. daurica, Andr. , Bot. Rep., t. 486; Bot. Mag., t 1441; Anders., Monogr., No. 7.Root -tubers thick. Stem 1 ½ —2 feet long, glabrous, never more than 1-flowered, Leaves 5—6 to a stem, glabrous, pale green above, glaucous beneath, with broad oblong or obovate leaflets, obtusely rounded at the apex, with a small cusp, not confluent at the base, the side ones often a inches broad, and the end one obovate or orbicular, 3—4 inches long and broad. Outer sepals foliaceous; inner obtuse. Petals 6—8, obovate, rose-red, 2—2 1/2 inches long. Follicles 2—4, densely tomentose, spreading from the base when mature; stigmas small, ovate, folded together, recurved. A native of the Caucasus, Asia Minor, and the Crimea. It is a near ally of P. corallina, with which Boissier now unites it. The name daurica, under which Anderson describes it, was given to it under a mistake as to its native country. Anderson remarks upon it, " Though in general habit a good deal resembling P. corallina, it is nevertheless essentially distinct from that species in having the leaves always rounded, partially cordate, oblique and much undulated ; whereas those of the former arc more or less pointed, and nearly flat, the spherical, brownish-black, reticulated seeds, and the yellow tint of its leaves, stalks and germens, would otherwise characterise it. Its leaves are diposed to wither at the points, and to remain longer on the stalks than those of the others. Its Sower is of a pleasant pale rose colour. Amongst seedlings it is seen to vary in the degree of undulation of its leaves, but retains its essential character throughout."




P.daurica Andrews Bot. ReP. 7, t. 486 (1807); Alton. Hort. Kew. Ed. 2, 3,317 (1811); Bot. Mag. t. 1441 (1812) ; Bonpland, Descr. Pl. Rar. Malm. t. 9 (1813) ; DC. Syst. I, 391 (1817) ; Anderson in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 12, 270 (1818); Smith in Rees, Cycl. 6 (1819) ; F. C. Stern in Jown. Roy. Hort. Soc. 68, 126 (1943)

Syn. P.triternata Pallas, Tabl. Taur. 52 (1795) et in Nov. Act. Petrop.10, 312 (1792), nom. nud. ; Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reichs, 3, 1050 (1798), nom. subnud.; DC. Prodr. 1, 65 (1824) ; Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 1, 73 (1842) ; Ruprecht, Fl. Cauc. (in Mem. Acad. Sc. St. Petersb. Ser. 7, 15, no. 2) 44 1869) ; Baker in Gard. Chron., N. Ser. 22, 9 (1884); Lynch in Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc. 12, 435 (1890); Prodan, Fl. Romania, 1, 408 (1923) ; F. C. Stern in Journ. Roy. Hort. Soc. 56, 74 (1931); Saunders in Nat. Hort. Mag. 13, t. P.231 (1934); Komarov, Fl. U.R.S.S. 9, 28 (1937).




Sect. Paeon DC. Series. Masculae Stern.

9. Paeonia triternata Pall.

Pallas in Nova Acta Acad. Petrop. X (1975) 312; DC. Prod. I (1824) 65; Ledeb. Fl. Ross. I (1842) 73; Rupr. Fl. Cauc. (1869) 44; Lipsky Fl. Cauc. (1899) 213; Somm. et Lev. Enum. (1900) 29; Komarov and Schipczin. in Fl. USSR. VII (1937) 28;

Syn. P. corallina var. triternata Boiss. I. (1867) 97; Akinf. Fl. Centre Cauc. (1894) 50; Schmalg. Fl. Sredn. Juzn. Ross. (1895) 32; P. corallina ssp. triternata N. Busch in Fl. cauc. crit. III. 3,(1901) 10, P. corallina var. Pallasi Huth. Monogr. in Englers Bot. Jarhb. 14 (1891) 267; P. corallina Retz. in M. B. Fl. taur-cauc. 2 (1808) 10; P. corallina Grossheim Fl. Cauc. II (1930) 91; P. daurica Andrews. Bot. rep. 7 (1807) 486; Anders. Mag. (1812) 1841. Stem, Monogr. Royal Horticult. Soc. (1946) 70; P. taurica Grossh. Opred. (1949) 44, Fl. Cauc. IV (1950) 12.

Perennials. The rhizomes are thickish, robust, with oblong-lengthened root thickenings, which are sessile usually or upon short pedicels, stems are 50-100 cm high, often tortuous, thin ; leaves are thrice ternate, naked, bluish-gray at both sides; leaf-lobes are small, rounded-ovate or nearly heart-shaped at their base, nearly leather-like; blossoms are broad-patent, with purple, oval or obovate petals; filaments are yellow; ovary is with pink tomentose pubescence; stigmas are pink. The fruits are with pinkish-brown pubescence, spreading; seeds are dark-blue, IV-V.

Habitat. In the montane oak and beech forests, upon open slopes. Original area. The Crimea. Type. The description has been made in the Crimea. Preserved in Leningrad.

Studied samples. Prichernom., Anapa, 13.VI.91!

Novorossiysk, 22.IV.1889 with flowers, 6. V. 1892 Lipsky!

50 miles south from Novorosiysk IV-1897 Akinfiev!

Krasnaya Polyana (the middle stream of the rivers Mzimti, Achipsou) Albov!

Geographic type. Crimean montane. General distribution. The Crimea, Caucasus.

Remarks. This plant has been firstly reported by the academician Pallasi in 1795, from the Crimea and named P. triternata Pall. But the latm diagnosis has been given by De Candolle in 1824, and for this reason some botanists prefer to use the name P. daurica Andrews for peony described in 1807 and found in the Crimea too (Stern 1946, Grossheim 1949, 1950).

We suppose that it would be correct to retain the name for this Crimean peony given earlier by Pallasi, and according to the opinion of De Candolle, Komarov and Schipczinsky, designate it P. triternata Pall. Not to say about that the name given later may mislead future botanists.

Considering a question of this species being propagated beyond the borders of the Crimea, and, consequently, of its presence in Caucasus, we have been looking through quite many herbarium samples of red-flowered Caucasian peonies and never met any typical representative of the P. triternata species, having such peculiar features as the pink or pinkish pubescence of ovaries and fruits, pink stigmas and small rounded or heart-shaped at its base leaf-lobes at both sides of gray-blue leaves with wax-like bloom upon them. Hence, it may be concluded, that the P. triternata Pall. does not grow in Caucasus; nevertheless, we present it here, as a representative of "Flora of the USSR“ for the Novorosiysk region, and submit here more accurate data on its distribution area, using partly materials of Busch (L.c.) and partly the herbariums samples, having been studied by us in the Botany Institutes of Leningrad and Tbilisi and which were quite scarcely represented, it should be mentioned also.


Davis & Cullen in Flora of Turkey


P. daurica Andrews in Bot. Rep. 7: t. 486 (1807). Syn: P. triternata Pallas in Nov. Act. Petrop. 10: 312 (1792); P. corallina var. triternata (Pall.) Boiss., Fl. Or. 1: 97 (1867).




Zawierucha et al.


Stearn & Davis


3e. P. mascula subsp. triternata Figs 33,34

P. daurica Andrews, Bot. Repos. 7: t. 486 (1807); Sims in Curtis's Bot-Mag. 35: t. 1441 (1812); F.C. Stern, Study of Paeonia, 70, t. 6 (1946); Cullen & Heywood in Fl. Europ. 1:243 (1964).

P. triternata Pallas ex DC., Prodr. 1:165 (1824), nomen illegit.

P. corallina var. triternata Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1:97 (1867).

P. corallina subsp. triternata (Boiss.) N. Busch in Kusnezow, Busch & Fomin, Fl. Cauc. Crit. 3.ili:10 (1901).

P. mascula var. triternata (Boiss.) Gürke in Richter, Pl. Europ. 2:400 (1903).




Kapinos & Dubrov


P.triternata Pall. ex DC. - three-times divided peony

Native to deciduous mountainous forests on open slopes on the Krym and in the Northern Caucasus. Stems 50-100cm, smooth, partially twisted. Leaves bluish, hairless, flowers purple.

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Database


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